### Calculation of Gaining Ratio: Retirement of a Partner

In Informatics, the concept of information entropy is introduced to measure the order (or disorder) of an object’s attribute value. Information entropy is used to measure the expected value of random variables. The greater the information entropy of a variable, the more information it contains, that is, more information is needed to fully determine the value of the variable. Gain ratio is equal to the difference between the new profit sharing ratio and the old profit sharing ratio of the gaining partner. The effect of the gaining ratio is that it maximises the overall profit of the existing partners.

There seems to be no one preferred approach by different Decision Tree algorithms. Now to split the Maths background sub node, we need to calculate Entropy and Information Gain for the remaining variables, i.e., Working Status and Online Courses. We would then select the variable that scared vs afraid shows the highest Information Gain. For this we have to calculate a potential split from each variable, calculate the average entropy across both the nodes and then the change in entropy via a vis the parent node. A node which is impure can be branched further for improving purity.

## Natural Language Processing

The gaining ratio is mostly calculated during the retirement or death of any partner in a partnership business. In this technique, we allow the tree to grow to its maximum depth. We effectively consider subtrees of the full tree which are evaluated on a criteria and then removed. Hence we are effectively going ‘up’ the tree and converting leaves to nodes and subtrees. The criteria whether a particular consolidation goes through or not is usually MSE for regression trees and classification error for classification trees. This tutorial is not targeted to talk about Random Forest but it will be injustice if we don’t talk about it here.

Fortunately, the rules in the actual classifier have some inherent characteristics, which can be used to reduce the complexity of packet classification. If the packet is classified according to the decision tree in Fig. 2b, the sequence matching needs to be continued after accessing the leaf node from the root node, which reduces the efficiency of packet classification to some extent.

## The significant effect of feature selection methods in spam risk assessment using dendritic cell algorithm

Ravi, Sankar, and Prakash were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of   Ravi retires and surrenders   of his share in favour of Sankar and remaining in the favour of Prakash. When a partner of a partnership firm decides to retire from the firm or when a partner is deceased, the profit sharing rate of the remaining partners changes. The share of the retiring/ deceased partner is divided between the continuing partners in the Gaining Ratio. It can be defined as the absolute difference between the profit-sharing ratio of the partners’ and the old profit-sharing ratio.

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Our objective here is to use this data to build certain rules which can tell us whether we should play Golf on a given day or not. Assuming you are rolling a fair coin and want to know the Entropy of the system. As per the formula given by Shann – Entropy would be equals to -[0.5 ln(0.5) + 0.5 ln(0.5)]. Where, H is the entropy in the system which is a measure of randomness.

## PCMIgr: a fast packet classification method based on information gain ratio

However, most of the time we do not necessarily go down to the point where each leaf is ‘pure’. It is also important to understand that each node is standalone and hence the attribute that best splits the ‘Working’ node may not be the one that best splits the ‘Not Working’ node. Though Decision Trees look simple and intuitive, there is nothing very simple about how the algorithm goes about the process deciding on splits and how tree pruning occurs. In this post I take you through a simple example to understand the inner workings of Decision Trees. The Weight by Information Gain Ratio operator calculates the weight of attributes with respect to the label attribute by using the information gain ratio.

Its core idea is to construct one or more decision trees covering all rules according to the characteristics of rules, including scale cutting, density splitting and boundary division. However, few methods consider the order of each layer when constructing decision trees. In order to test the effectiveness of PCMIgr method in constructing decision tree using C4.5 algorithm, according to the classification rules shown in Fig. 1, we use PCMIgr and Uscuts methods to classify packets with different sizes (from 10 KB to 200 MB). Unlike the PCMIgr method, the Uscuts method directly constructs the decision tree from the F1 dimension to the Fk dimension. Compared with the cutting-based method, the segmentation-based method divides the search space into multiple equal-density subsets.

## 2 Classification algorithm based on information gain ratio

An important post pruning technique is Cost complexity pruning (ccp) which provides a more efficient solution in this regard. CCP is a complex and advanced technique which is parametrized by the parameter α in Scikit Learn DecisionTreesclassifier module. Depending on which impurity measurement is used, tree classification results can vary. This can make small (or sometimes large) impact on your model.

### How do you calculate ratio gain?

Here is the formula for calculating the gaining ratio- Gaining ratio = New profit-sharing ratio – Old profit-sharing ratio. The effect of the gaining ratio is that it maximises the overall profit of the existing partners.

Whether divided equally or not, standard financial measures are used, referred to as gaining ratio, which we will discuss in today’s article. Now that we have understood, hopefully in detail, how Decision Trees carry out splitting and variable selection, we can move on to how they do prediction. Actually, once a tree is trained and tested, prediction is easy. The tree basically provides a flow chart based on various predictor variables. Suppose we have a new instance entering the flow along with its values of different predictor variables. Unlike training and test data , it will not have the class for the target attribute.

For the decision tree or any of its sub-trees, the interval coordinate values corresponding to the child nodes of the root are strictly increasing, so the binary search method can be directly applied to search. 6, the root node of the decision tree has three sub-nodes, and the corresponding interval coordinate values are [4,4], [5,6] and [7,8], which meet the strict increasing relationship. For the sake of intuition, we comprehensively compare the classification speed of Hicuts, Uscuts, PCMIgr and HyperSplit.

• The share of the retiring/ deceased partner is divided between the continuing partners in the Gaining Ratio.
• The exhaustive search algorithm has simple data structure and high classification efficiency.
• The effect of the gaining ratio is that it maximises the overall profit of the existing partners.
• To calculate the entropy of the child node “Red”, we first need to calculate the probability of the target variable “Bitten” for the “Red” child node.
• Because in both the algorithms we are trying to predict a categorical variable.

### Can gain ratio be greater than 1?

Yes, it does have an upper bound, but not 1. The mutual information (in bits) is 1 when two parties (statistically) share one bit of information. However, they can share a arbitrary large data. In particular, if they share 2 bits, then it is 2.